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Full text of "Mosin-Nagant 1891, 1910, 1891-30, 1938 & 1944 Rifles, Carabines and Sniper Rifles"

_.. 



V 



MANUAL FOR SOVIET 



MOSIN-NAGANT 

MODELS OF 
1891 - 1910-1891/30-1938-1944 

RIFLES, CARBINES & 
SNIPER RIFLES 



ORDI 7-101 

CHAPTER 2 



,/*#w 



i<VZ?#j 




ORDNANCE CORPS MAY 1 954 

'|'MTi PI K I Nil MN KNTKKl'KIXKB JV D.K MukSK PRINTED IN U.S.A. 



=. 



CHAPTER 2 + BOLT ACTION RIFLES AND CARBINES 



SECTION I. 



GENERAL 

Origin and basic qualities ■ 

Bolt action rifles — -— ^ 

Bolt action carbines — — — 

Characteristics of 7. 62 -mm bolt action rifles 
and carbines ^ 



Paragraph. Page 



5 

e 

7 

a 



2 
2 
3 



IL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MODELS 

Rifle M1891 

Dragoon rifle M 1891 — 

Carbine M1910 -« 

Rifle M1891/30 

Sniper rifle M1&91/30 -* 

Carbine M1938 — 

Carbine Ml 944 -— * 



9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 



6 

7 

8 

9 

12 

18 

16 



m, INTERCHANGE ABILITY 

Components interchangeable between all models 
Components Interchangeable between specified 
models ^— * 



IV. AMMUNITION 
Description 
Packaging— 



SIGHTING EQUIPMENT 

Rifle Mia&i 

Dragoon rllle Ml 891 - 

Carbine M1910 

Rifle M1891/30 

Sniper rlile M1891/3G 

Carbine M1&36 

Carbine ML944 



16 
IT 



18 
19 



20 
21 
12 
23 
24 
25 
20 



17 
17 



18 
19 



20 
20 
20 
20 
21 
21 
22 



VI, OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 

Rifle M1891 - 

Dragoon rifle M1391 

Carbine M1&1G 

Rifle M1B91/30 

Sniper rifl* Miaei/30--- 

CarbineM1938 

Carbine M1944 - — 



27 
20 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 



22 
23 
23 
24 
24 
24 
24 



VIL MAINTENANCE 

Accessories 

Care and cleaning 
Rifle M1891 ■ 



■ — 34 

- 35 

36 

Dragoon rifle Ml 891 37 

Carbine M1910 38 

Rifle M1891/30 39 

Sniper rifle M1891/30 - 40 

Carbine Ml 938 41 

Carbine Ml 944 42 



24 

26 
26 

30 
30 
30 
30 
30 
30 



VIH, MALFUNCTIONS AFFECTING OPERATIONS 

General -<*— - — 

Causes and correction of common malfunctions 



43 

44 



30 
31 






^^ 



ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 



CHAPTER 2 
BOLT ACTION RIFLES AND CARBINES 



SECTION I. GENERAL 



5. ORIGIN AND BASIC QUALITIES 

The Moein-Nagant rifle was adopted In 1891 by Imperial Russia. The action ol the rifle was 
developed by Colonel S. I. Mosin of the Imperial Russian Army, and the magazine was devel- 
oped by Nagant, a Belgian. ,A11 Soviet bolt action military rifles and carbines are Mnsin- 
Nagant weapons and all are basically similar to the original Mosin-Nagant rifle adopted by 
Russia in IS 91. These weapons can be considered reasonably effective Infantry weapons. 
Fairly good shooting can be done with them at combat ranges, although their sights do not lend 
themselves to the finer degrees of accuracy which can be obtained with similar United Stales 
weapons. They suffer from an overcomplicated bolt h but in other respects are relatively sim- 
ple to service and maintain. The safety, In that It la extremely hard to engage and disengage, 
represents a shortcoming of the weapons, 

G, BOLT ACTION RIFLES 

a. The original rifle Ml 891 was considerably different than later versions of the a am e 
model. The original rifle Ml 891 had no handguard, was fitted with sling swivels Instead of 
the sling slots used on later versions, and had a leaf rear sight which was designed for the 
old conical-nosed 7. 82 -mm ball cartridge. In 1&0B the SplUer pointed light ball round (which 
is still used) was Introduced and the rear sight was changed. About this time handguards were 
added and the swivels were replaced by sling slots bored in the stock. The original M1891 is 
now a collector's item, and la unlikely to be encountered In the field. The later versions of 
the rifle Ml 891 (fig* 1) are no longer being manufactured, and are believed to be obsolete. 

bi The Dragoon rifle M1S91 (fig, 2) was originally developed as a weapon for heavy cav- 
alry, Manufacture of this rifle waa discontinued about 1S30, when it was replaced by the rifle 
M1&91/30. The Dragoon rifle Ml 891 is believed to be obsolete, but it may be found in limited 
quantity in satellite armies. 




FIGURE 1 ♦ 7 . 62 -MM RIFLE M 1 89 L. 




FIGURE 2. 7, 62 -MM RIFLE MLS&l, DRAGOON. 

Z 






SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 



May 1954 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 



c. The rifle MLS 9 1/30 {fig. 3) is about the same length as the Ml 801 Dragoon, but it 
represents many improvements over the Dragoon. The sights used on the M 1891/30 are su- 
perior to those of the Dragoon, audit because the metric system of measurement was adopted 
In Russia during this period, the sights of the M1891/30 are calibrated in meters rather than 
In ar shins. (One a renin equals 0-71 meters or 0.7a yards. ) Manufacture of the M1891/30 






FIGUR E 3 . 7. 02 -MM RIF LE M 189 1/30 . 

d. The sniper rllle Ml 89 1/30 (fig. 4), which is basically the M 1891/30 adapted for use 
with a telescope, is a standard weapon in Soviet and satellite armies. The telescopes em- 
ployed are somewhat similar to those used on United States hunting rifles. 




FIGUR E 4 . 7. 82 -MM SNIPER RIFLE M IB 91/30 . 

7. BOLT ACTION CARBINES 

a. Although Imperial Russia adopted the Mosin-Nagant rifle in 1891, a true carbine did 
not appear until 1910. The carbine M 1910 (fig, 5) t with its leaf sight and sling slots, has 
characteristics of both the original and later versions of the rifle M1891, The carbine M1910 
has a hexagonal receiver and does not take a bayonet. This model is comparatively rare and 
is believed to be obsolete* 




■ *^ ,»s * ■??&*?& ■ 



FIGURE 5 . 7.82 -MM CARBINE M 1 910 . 

3 



■■ 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



QRDI 7-101 



May 1054 



b. The carbine M193B (fig. B) replaced the M1910 T It is similar in many respects to the 
rifle~M16Sl/3G. It has a tangent- type rear sight, hooded front sight, and rounded receiver. 
It does not take a bayonet. This model may be encountered in Soviet and satellite forces al- 
though it la not believed to be manufactured at present. 



U.I.US 



-tfWN OWHTT60 



FIGURE 6. 7. 62 -MM CARBINE Ml 930, 



c. The carbine M1944 (fig. 7), introduced during the latter part of World War H, is now 
considered standard. The permanently fixed bayonet folds down along the right Bide ol the 
carbine stock when not in use. Except for a slightly longer barrel and the addition of the bay- 
onet, the carbine M1944 is identical to the M193S. 



■ ,(- 




■ r. f. [^ 



FIGU RE 7. 7 . 62 -MM C ARBINE M 1 944 . 

0. CHARACTERISTICS OP 7, 62 -MM BOLT ACTION RIFLES AND CARBJNES 

Basic characteristics of 7. 62 -mm bolt action rifles and carbines are presented In table I. 






SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 






May_1954 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



QRDI 7-LOL 










□ 

43 



a 



s 



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SOYLET E:FLS3 &EB C ASSESS 



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£, Tjii ifitf.r.JLE^s flutei 'Dtgnrtfil #tg, BJ, <wL'da sltj effisstf. stesv* flo~ 'Sis l»n»lp £a faster.:-^ 



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7W;iR! '£■= ^■■T&^&T :*£iE Eil'O 



M3£L 



May 1054 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CAHB1NES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 



d, The two stock bands (fig. 10) are screw expanded (turn to the right to expand and to 
the left to close). The upper band is at the forward end of the handguard (fig, 11), The 
lower band is 2 Inches forward of the rear sight* 

e. The interrupter -ejector is one piece; it is illustrated in figure 12, 
f . This rifle hafi a hexagonal receiver. 







FIGURE 10. STOCK BANDS FOR RIFLE MIS 91, 




FIGURE 11. LOCATION OF UPPER BAUD ON RIFLE M1B91. 




FIGURE 12. INTERRUPTER -EJECTOR TOR RIFLE M1&9L 

10. DRAGOON RIFLE M18B1 

a. The Dragoon rifle Ml BB1 is shorter than the rifle M13B1. 

b. The front and rear sights are the same as those ol the rifle MifiBl (par. 9a and b) r 

c. The bayonet is the flame as that of the rifle M1&91 (par. 9e), , 

d. The Dragoon rifle Ml 891 has solid stock bands tfi£, 13), The upper band is placed 
about 3-1/2 inches from the front end of the stock (fig. 14). 



MM 



ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



JMay 1954 



e> The interrupter -ejector is the same as that of the rifle M1691 (par. &ej. 
fj Thta rifle ha* a hexagonal receiver. 
11. CARBINE M1910 

a. This weapon is a short rille, or carbine. It is basically a cut-down version ol the 
rifle Ml 891 > The M1&10 is 40 inches in length (about 11 inches shorter than the rifle M1B91). 

b. The carbine MlfliO has almost a full stock. 

c. The leaf -type rear sight (fig. 15) la graduated from 400 to 3,000 arshins [312 yards 
to 1,500 yards). 

d. The front sight is the unprotected blade type. 

e. This weapon does not take a bayonet. 
f_. The stock bands are solid. 

£. The interrupter- ejector Is the same as that of the rille Ml 891 (par. 8e). 
b. This carbine has a hexagonal receiver. 







FIGURE 13h 3TOCK BANDS FOR DRAGOON RIFLE Mlfl&l. 








FIGURE 14. LOCATION OF UPPER BAND ON DRAGOON RIFLE M1B9L 



8 



^ 






May 1954 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



OHDI 7-101 




FIGURE 15, REAR SIGHT FOR CARBINE Ml 9 10. 



12, RIFLE M1B91/30 

a 4 The rifle MLflBl/30 ip about the same length as the Dragoon rifle Ml 891 and 2. 8 
inches shorter than the rifle Ml 891, 

b. The weapon has a curved- ramp tangent -type rear sight (fig. 10). There Is no pro- 
vision for windage adjustment. The sight is graduated from 1 to 20; that Is, for ranges of 
100 meters, to 2,000 meters (fig. IT). The relationship between meters and yards ia given 
below; 



Meters. 


Yards 


Meters 


Yards 


100 


110 


1,100 


1,200 


200 


220 


1,200 


1,300 


300 


330 


1,300 


1,420 


400 


440 


1,400 


1,530 


500 


550 


1,500 


1,670 


600 


flfiO 


1,800 


1,750 


700 


770 


1,700 


1,860 


800 


080 


1,800 


1,970 


900 


990 


1,900 


2,080 


1,000 


1,100 


2,000 


2,200 



c. The rifle M189I/30 has a hooded post -type front sight (fig. 18), 

d. The bayonet (fig. 19) is fastened to the rifle by means ol a spring -loaded catch, but 
is otKerwlse similar to the bayonet of the rifle M1891. 

e. The two stock bands are of the split -ring type (fig. 20), 

f . The two-piece interrupter -ejector for the rifle M 189 1/30 is Illustrated in figure 21. 



e- 



This rifle has a round receiver. 



9 



ORD1 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



Ma^l954 




■ ■ ■• " • . ■ 



FIGURE 18. REAR SIGHT FOR RIFLE Mia9l/30 (SIDE VIEW). 










*h^M^U 



FIGURE 17. REAR SIGHT FOR RIFLE Mlfl&l/3Q (TOP VIEW], 




1 



■ 
FIGURE lfl. FRONT SIGHT FOR RIFLE M1801/30. 



-. 



10 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CAHBINEiJ 



M ay 1954 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



QRDI 7-101 




■ -.'*■' 






FIGURE 19. BAYONET FOR RIFLE MlBQl/ao, 





FIGURE 20. STOCK BANDS FOR RIFLE Ml 891/30, 






F1GUR E 2 1 . TWO - PIE CE INT ER RUPT E R -E JE CTO R FOR RIFLE M IB 9 1/30 . 






11 






ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 



13. SNIPER RIFLE M18&1/3G 

a. The sniper rifle M1891/30 is almost identical in appearance to the rille M1891/30; 
however, it has been selected specially for its accuracy, and has been adapted for use with 
telescopes. 

b. The bolt handle has been lengthened and bent down to prevent interference with the 
telescope (fig. 22). 

c. Additional machining and tapping on the receiver of the sniper rifle Ml 89 1/30 permits 
the installation of three different types of mounts and telescopes. The different types of tele- 
scopes and mounts used on the sniper rifles are illustrated in figures 23 through 30. 




FIGURE 22. SNIPER RIFLE (MODEL OF TELESCOPE AND MOUNT UNKNOWN}. 




FIGURE 23, SNIPER RIFLE WITH PE TELESCOPE AND MOUNT. 






12 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 



ORDI 7-101 





ft » ft • 



FIGURE 24. MODEL PE TELESCOPE, WITH BODY OF MOUNT, 



CLAMP 



BODY 



CLAMP SCREW © 




CLAMP SCREW 



CLAMP 



INSERT SCREW 



ATTACHMENT SCREW 

WEDGE SCREW 
ATTACHMENT SCREW 



WEDGE 









FIGURE 25. BODY OF PE TELESCOPE MOUNT, 



13 






OHDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 





FOR THE HEXAGONAL- SHAPED RECEIVER FOR THE ROUND -TYPE RECEIVER 



FIGURE 26. BASE OF PE TELESCOPE MOUNT. 




FIGURE 27. SNIPER RIFLE WITH PU TELESCOPE AND MOUNT (RIGHT SIDE), 




FIGURE 28. SNIPER RIFLE WITH PU TELESCOPE AND MOUNT (LEFT SIDE J. 



L4 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 



May 1954 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 




I 



FIGURE 29, PU MOUNT AND TELESCOPE (LEFT SIDE VIEW) 







'i 



FIGURE 30, PU MOUNT AND TELESCOPE (TOP VIEW). 



15 






ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1854 



14. CARBINE Ml 938 

a. The carbine M1938 is a cut -down version of the rifle M1891/3Q and, until the Introduc- 
tion of the carbine Ml 944, replaced it as ait arm of troops other than Infantry and cavalry. 
The carbine M1938 is the flame length as the carbine Ml 910 (40 inches) > 

b. The rear ramp sight (fig. 31) is similar to the rear ramp sight of the rille Ml 891/30, 
except that it is shorter and is graduated from 100 meters to 1,000 meters (110 yards to 1 100 
yards). ' 

c. The front sight is the hooded post type. 

d. The weapon will not accommodate any of the Soviet bayonets. 

e. The two stock bands are of the split-ring type. 

f_. The two-piece interrupter -ejector is the same as that of the rttle Ml 89 1/30. 
g_< This carbine has a round receiver. 










FIGURE 31. REAR RAMP SIGHT FOR CARBINE M1&38, 



15. CARBINE M1944 

The carbine Ml 944 is identical to the M1338, except that it has a slightly longer barrel, 
carries a nondetachaoLe folding bayonet (fig. 32) h and the right side of the stock is modified 
slightly In order to accommodate the bayonet in the folded position. When the bayonet is 
folded, the M1944 is the same length as the carbine Ml 938 (40 Inches}; with the bayonet ex- 
tended, it is 52, 25 Inches in length, 




FIGURE 32, BAYONET FOR CARBINE M1944. 






16 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 

IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 
M *P 1&B4 . QRPI 7-101 

SECTION in. INTERCHANGEABHJTY 

16* COMPONENTS INTERCHANGE ABLE BETWEEN ALL MODELS 

a- While many of the component parte are interchangeable between nil Mosin-Nngant 
bolt action rifles and carbines , thee* weapons function more efficiently with their original 
component!. Each component is stamped with the aerial number of Che original weapon and, 
If possible, should be used with that weapon; this applies even to Individual weapons of the 
flame model*. 

b* The following: components are Interchangeable between all Mosin-Nagant bolt action 
rifles and carbines: 

{1} Bolt* and bolt assemblies (except that the bolt body of other model* can not be 
uaed In the sniper rifle Mia&l/SO). 

(3) Trigger assemblies, 

(3) Interrupter-ejectors (both one- awl two-piece). 

(4) Magazines and magazine assemblies. 
{5} Front sights, 

(6) Butt plates and screws. 

(7) Stock bandstand retaining spring*, 
fli) Trigger guard screws. 

IT, COMPONENTS INTERCHANGEABLE BETWEEN SPECIFIED MODELS 

HandguardSj stocks, rear sights, and bayonets are interchangeable between certain Mosln- 
Nagant models , as cited below, 

a, Rifle Mlflflh The following parts of the weapons specified can be uaed on the rifle 
M18S1, 

(1) The stock of the Dragoon rifle M1891 N rifle M 14 91/30, or sniper rifle M1A91/&0- 

(2) The rear sight of the Dragoon rifle Ml 691. 

(3) The bayonet of the Dragoon rifle M1BB1, rifle MlBfll/SOj or sniper rifle 
M18 91/30. 

■ 

b. Dragoon rifle Mlfl 91 , The following parte of the weapons specified can be used on the 
D ragOOti rifle MlBBir " 

■f- - 

(1) The handguard of the rifle M1491/30 or sniper rifle M 189 1/30. 

(3) The stock of the rifle Mia»l/ 3 ° or flnlper rifle Mia9l/SQ. (The stock of the 
Mia 91 also can be used, but will prevent attaching the bayonet*} 

(3] The rear sight of the rifle M18&1. 

(4) The bayonet of the rifle M1&91, rifle Ml8ftl/80, or sniper rifle M1091/3O. 









17 § 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 

IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 
ORDI T-101 May 1954 

c. Carbine M1&10, The stock of the carbine M193B or M1944 can he used on the M1910. 

d. Rifle M18Q1/3Q. The follow ing parts of the weapons specified can be used on the 

{1) The handguard of the Dragoon M1&91 or sniper rifle M 1891/ 30. 

(2) The stock of the Dragoon M1391 or sniper rifle M1891/30. (The stock of the 
rifle M1&91 also can he used, but will prevent attaching the bayonet. ) 

{3} The bayonet of the sniper rifle M18 91/30. 

e. Sniper rifle Ml 69 1/30. The following parts of the weapons specified can be used on 
the sniper rifle Ml 891/30. 

(1) The stock of the Dragoon rifle M1891 or rifle MlS9l/S0 + (The stock of the 
rifle M1891 also can toe used, but will prevent attaching the bayonet. ) 

NOTE; If the PU telescope mount is to be used, these stocks must be cut away 
so that the mount may rest flush against the receiver. (Use of the un- 
identified sight mount shown in figure 22 may Likewise necessitate cut- 
ting away part of the stock, ) 

(2) The bayonet of the rifle M 18 9 1/30. 

f , Carbine Ml 93 EL The following parts of the weapons specified can be used on the 
carbine MT538. " 

{1) The handguard of the carbine M1944. 

(2) The stock of the carbine M1910 or M1944. 

(3) The rear sight of the carbine M1944. 

e, Carbine M1944. The following parts ol the weapons specified can be used on the 
carbine Ml 944. 

(1) The handguard of the carbine Ml 933* 

(2) The rear sight of the carbine Ml 938. 

SECTION TV. AMMUNITION 



18. DESCRIPTION 

Standard Soviet rifle ammunition (fig. 33) Is of 7 H 82 -mm caliber (caL , 30) t has a. rimmed 
toottlenecked case, and is 3.03 Inches Ln length. Ground machlnegun ammunition, which is 
identical in appearance except lor color markings, may toe used in rifles and carbines; how- 
ever, only the light ball M190B and heavy ball M1930 are recommended for this purpose by 
the Soviet Army. No color marking is found on the ammunition for the Light bullet Ml 908. 
The heavy bullet M193Q has a yellow tip. 

NOTE: ShKAS aircraft machlnegun ammunition should not be used in rifles since It may 
damage the extractor, ShKAS ammunition can be identified by the Russian sym- 
bol m (Sh) stamped on the base; in addition to the stamped symbol, ShKAS 
rounds sometimes have red shellac coloring on the primer. 

18 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 

IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 
ORDI T-101 May 1954 

c. Carbine M1&10, The stock of the carbine M193B or M1944 can he used on the M1910. 

d. Rifle M18Q1/3Q. The follow ing parts of the weapons specified can be used on the 

{1) The handguard of the Dragoon M1&91 or sniper rifle M 1891/ 30. 

(2) The stock of the Dragoon M1391 or sniper rifle M1891/30. (The stock of the 
rifle M1&91 also can he used, but will prevent attaching the bayonet. ) 

{3} The bayonet of the sniper rifle M18 91/30. 

e. Sniper rifle Ml 69 1/30. The following parts of the weapons specified can be used on 
the sniper rifle Ml 891/30. 

(1) The stock of the Dragoon rifle M1891 or rifle MlS9l/S0 + (The stock of the 
rifle M1891 also can toe used, but will prevent attaching the bayonet. ) 

NOTE; If the PU telescope mount is to be used, these stocks must be cut away 
so that the mount may rest flush against the receiver. (Use of the un- 
identified sight mount shown in figure 22 may Likewise necessitate cut- 
ting away part of the stock, ) 

(2) The bayonet of the rifle M 18 9 1/30. 

f , Carbine Ml 93 EL The following parts of the weapons specified can be used on the 
carbine MT538. " 

{1) The handguard of the carbine M1944. 

(2) The stock of the carbine M1910 or M1944. 

(3) The rear sight of the carbine M1944. 

e, Carbine M1944. The following parts ol the weapons specified can be used on the 
carbine Ml 944. 

(1) The handguard of the carbine Ml 933* 

(2) The rear sight of the carbine Ml 938. 

SECTION TV. AMMUNITION 



18. DESCRIPTION 

Standard Soviet rifle ammunition (fig. 33) Is of 7 H 82 -mm caliber (caL , 30) t has a. rimmed 
toottlenecked case, and is 3.03 Inches Ln length. Ground machlnegun ammunition, which is 
identical in appearance except lor color markings, may toe used in rifles and carbines; how- 
ever, only the light ball M190B and heavy ball M1930 are recommended for this purpose by 
the Soviet Army. No color marking is found on the ammunition for the Light bullet Ml 908. 
The heavy bullet M193Q has a yellow tip. 

NOTE: ShKAS aircraft machlnegun ammunition should not be used in rifles since It may 
damage the extractor, ShKAS ammunition can be identified by the Russian sym- 
bol m (Sh) stamped on the base; in addition to the stamped symbol, ShKAS 
rounds sometimes have red shellac coloring on the primer. 

18 






SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 



May 1954 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 








FIGURE 33. SOVIET RIFLE AMMUNITION (LIGHT 
BALL ON LEFT, HEAVY BALL ON RIGHT). 






10, PACKAGING 



Ammunition for rifles is usually packed in five -round clips (fig, 34), three clips to a cardboard 
package, twenty packages to a hermetically sealed zinc-coated metal container (a total of 300 
cartridges), and two metal containers to a wooden box {a total of 600 cartridges) , The wooden 
boxes are marked as illustrated In figure 35. Rifle ammunition also may be packed in twenty- 
round packages tied with a string Or tape; twenty -two such packages are hermetically sealed 
in a metal container (a total of 440 cartridges), and two metal containers are then packed In a 
wooden box (a total of 380 cartridges). Machlnegun ammunition is packed in this same manner. 
There are no color markings on the packaging of the light bullet Ml 908 j however^ the heavy 
bullet M1930 has a yellow stripe on both the Inner metal and the outer wooden packing boxes. 





FIGURE 34. SOVIET FIVE-ROUND CARTRIDGE CLIPS, 



19 






ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 






' 



CARGO CLASSIFICATION 
WEIGHT 



TEAR STRIP 
AND KEY 



HDGHT * fl " 
WIDTH IM" 
LENGTH - 19* 




SAFETY SYMBOL 



LOT « FACTORY 



DATE OF MANUFACTURE 

FACTORY PROFELLANT 

LOT* YEAR DATA 

TYPE _J 



CALtBER 
BULLET TYPE 



CARTRIDGE CASE MATEMAL 
NUMBER OF ROUNDS 



m 



FIGURE aS. SOVIET AMMUNITION BOX. 



SECTION V. SIGHTING EQUIPMENT 

20. RIFLE M1891 

The front sight is of the unprotected blade type and ie dovetailed into the flight base, which is 
soldered to the barrel. The notched -ramp leaf -type rear eight (fig, 8) is graduated from 400 
to 3,200 arsbins (312 to 2 , 4fl6 yards), but has do provisions for windage adjustment, 

21. DRAGOON RIFLE M1&&1 

The sighting equipment of this rifle ie Identical to that of the rifle M18&1. 

22. CARBINE MIS 10 

The front sight is of the unprotected blade type and is identical to that of the rifle Ml 891. The 
leaf -type rear sight is graduated from 400 to 2, 000 ar shins (313 to 1, 500 yards). 

23. RIFLE M189 1/30 

The front sight (lig. 18) is a hooded post type and is dovetailed Into the sight base, which is 
welded to the barrel. The curved -ramp tangent-type rear sight {tig. 1?) is graduated from 
100 to 2 t 000 meters (110 to 2,200 yards). There is no provision for windage adjustment > 



20 



^m 






ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 






' 



CARGO CLASSIFICATION 
WEIGHT 



TEAR STRIP 
AND KEY 



HDGHT * fl " 
WIDTH IM" 
LENGTH - 19* 




SAFETY SYMBOL 



LOT « FACTORY 



DATE OF MANUFACTURE 

FACTORY PROFELLANT 

LOT* YEAR DATA 

TYPE _J 



CALtBER 
BULLET TYPE 



CARTRIDGE CASE MATEMAL 
NUMBER OF ROUNDS 



m 



FIGURE aS. SOVIET AMMUNITION BOX. 



SECTION V. SIGHTING EQUIPMENT 

20. RIFLE M1891 

The front sight is of the unprotected blade type and ie dovetailed into the flight base, which is 
soldered to the barrel. The notched -ramp leaf -type rear eight (fig, 8) is graduated from 400 
to 3,200 arsbins (312 to 2 , 4fl6 yards), but has do provisions for windage adjustment, 

21. DRAGOON RIFLE M1&&1 

The sighting equipment of this rifle ie Identical to that of the rifle M18&1. 

22. CARBINE MIS 10 

The front sight is of the unprotected blade type and is identical to that of the rifle Ml 891. The 
leaf -type rear sight is graduated from 400 to 2, 000 ar shins (313 to 1, 500 yards). 

23. RIFLE M189 1/30 

The front sight (lig. 18) is a hooded post type and is dovetailed Into the sight base, which is 
welded to the barrel. The curved -ramp tangent-type rear sight {tig. 1?) is graduated from 
100 to 2 t 000 meters (110 to 2,200 yards). There is no provision for windage adjustment > 



20 



^m 



May 1B54 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 



34. SNIPER RIFLE Ml 69 1/30 

a. The front and rear iron sights of this rifle are not removed when the telescope is 
attached, and are Identical to those used on the rifle Ml 891/30. These sights may be used 
for ranges up to TOO metere (770 yards) without removing the telescope, when the rifle Is 
equipped with the unidentified scope and mount showo in figure 22. The Iron sights may be 
used up to 600 meters (600 yards) when the PE scope pig* 33) Is mounted, and up to 2 , 000 
meters $,200 yards) with the PU scope (fig* 27). 

b. Basic characteristics of the PE and PU telescopes are given below; 

Characteristic s PE scope go scope 

Power 4* S.fiX 

Field of view 6° SO 1 4° 30* 



Diameter of exit pupil 
Eye relief* 
Length 
Weight 



0.273 in* 



3.24 in, 
10, 68 In. 



1.3 lb. 



0.234 In. 
2 + 80 in. 
fl. 50 in + 
0.50 lb. 



*Eye relief is the distance f rom the eyelens to the focal point, 

c + External features of the PE and PU optical sights are given below; 

(1) A thumbscrew with night graduations at 100 -meter Intervals is located on top of 
both telescopes. This thumbscrew is used for setting angles of elevation. 

(aj In the PE system, the scale of graduations is from 1 to 14; therefore, the 
PE scope may be sighted from 100 to 1, 400 meters (110 to 1, 540 yards). 

(b) In the PU system the scale of graduations is from 1 to 13; therefore, die 
PU scope may be sighted from 100 to 1, 300 meters (110 to 1, 420 yards). 

(2) A thumbecre* for lateral corrections (windage, drift, and In the case of a 
moving target, lead) Is located on the left side of these telescopes. It has 10 
graduations in either direction, beginning with zero; the plus markings are used 
for corrections to the right and the minus markings for corrections to the Left* 
Each graduation Is equal to one mil and only the 5th and 10th graduations are 
numbered. 

(3) On the tube of the PE sight there is a knurled collar with a diopter scale, to 
make adjustments for defects of vision. The plus markings on the scale are 
used to make adjustments tor farsightedness, and the minus markings for near- 
sightedness. With the PU optical sight* such corrections are made by moving 
the eye nearer to or farther away from the eyepiece, until the optimum acuity of 
vision is achieved. 

25. CARBINE Ml 938 

The hooded post-type front sight of the carbine Ml 938 Is very similar to the front sight of the 
rifle Ml 891/30, but Is mounted on a barrel, band. The curved -ramp tangent -type rear sight 
is also very similar In construction to that of the M18&1/30; however, it is graduated from 
100 to 1,000 meters (110 to 1, 100 yards) {fig. 31). 

21 



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ORDI T-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1P54 



26, CARBINE Ml 944 

The front and rear sights of the carbine M1A44 are Identical to those of the carbine M1938. 



SECTION VI. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 



27. RIFLE M1S91 



a. To set the safety, draw back the cocking piece and turn it to the left, This prevents 
the bolt from opening. To put off safe, pull the cocking piece back, turn it to the right and 
allow It to move forward. ' 

b. The rifle M1891 is loaded in the same manner as the United States Springfield or any 
Mauser rifLe. Open the bolt, place a clip of cartridge* In the clip guides, and press the 
rounds down into the magazine (fig. 36). Close the bolt; the clip will then fall out of tiie clip 
guides onto the ground. The position of the rifle parts before and after loading is illustrated 
in figures 37 and 3B> Before squeezing the trigger, observe all the safety precautions used 
when firing United Stales rifles. 

c. To unload the rifle Ml 391, open the magazine floor plate and remove the cartridges. 
The magazine floor plate catch Is located on the lower rear part of the magazine, forward of 
the trigger guard. Presa the catch rearward; the follower and floor plate (fig. 39) will swing 
down and forward on a pivot pin, and the cartridges will spiU out. Open the bolt and extract 
the round from the chamber, 

d. The M1&S1 bayonet (fig, 0) is attached by a locking ring; if the M1891/30 bayonet 
(fig* 19) Is used, a spring -loaded catch holds the bayonet in place. 



■ 



■ 







FIGURE 3fl. CLIP- LOADING THE RIFLE. 



22 



ORDI T-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1P54 



26, CARBINE Ml 944 

The front and rear sights of the carbine M1A44 are Identical to those of the carbine M1938. 



SECTION VI. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 



27. RIFLE M1S91 



a. To set the safety, draw back the cocking piece and turn it to the left, This prevents 
the bolt from opening. To put off safe, pull the cocking piece back, turn it to the right and 
allow It to move forward. ' 

b. The rifle M1891 is loaded in the same manner as the United States Springfield or any 
Mauser rifLe. Open the bolt, place a clip of cartridge* In the clip guides, and press the 
rounds down into the magazine (fig. 36). Close the bolt; the clip will then fall out of tiie clip 
guides onto the ground. The position of the rifle parts before and after loading is illustrated 
in figures 37 and 3B> Before squeezing the trigger, observe all the safety precautions used 
when firing United Stales rifles. 

c. To unload the rifle Ml 391, open the magazine floor plate and remove the cartridges. 
The magazine floor plate catch Is located on the lower rear part of the magazine, forward of 
the trigger guard. Presa the catch rearward; the follower and floor plate (fig. 39) will swing 
down and forward on a pivot pin, and the cartridges will spiU out. Open the bolt and extract 
the round from the chamber, 

d. The M1&S1 bayonet (fig, 0) is attached by a locking ring; if the M1891/30 bayonet 
(fig* 19) Is used, a spring -loaded catch holds the bayonet in place. 



■ 



■ 







FIGURE 3fl. CLIP- LOADING THE RIFLE. 



22 






May 1&5* 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 




' 



FIGURE 37. POSITION OF PARTS PRIOR TO LOADING THE RIFLE. 







FIGURE 38- POSITION OF PARTS AFTER RIFLE IS LOADED, 




FIGURE 30. FOLLOWER AND FLOOH PLATE, 



a&, DRAGOON RIFLE M1891 

a. Operating instructions for the Dragoon Ml&fll are the same as. for the rifle M1B91, 

b, The bayonet of the rifle Ml &9l or MlG&l/SQ la attached to the Dragoon Ml 691 in the 
same - manner as described for the rifle Mid 91. 

2&- CARBINE M1910 

Operating instructions for the carbine M1910 are the same as those for the rifle M1891, ho^ 
ever, bayonets are not provided for this carbine, 

33 



ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND QPEHATION 



May 1954 



30* RIFLE M 1891/30 

a. Operating instructions lor the rifle Mi 89 1/30 are the same as those for the rifle 
M1891. 

b. The bayonet is attached by means of a spring -loaded catch. 
3L SNIPER RIFLE M1891/30 

a. Operating Instructions for this rifle are the same as those lor the rlile Ml 891. The 
bayonet for the rifle M1891/3Q Is attached to the sniper rifle by means of a spring-loaded 
catch, 

b. Instructions for operating the rifle telescopes are given in paragraph 24, 

32. CARBINE Ml 938 

Operating instructions for this carbine are the same as those lor the rlile HI 891; however bay 
onets are not provided for this carbine. 

33. CARBINE M1944 

Operating instructions for this carbine are the same as those for the rifle Ml 891; however, 
this carbine has a nondetachabie bayonet which may be folded or extended by forcing the 
spring -loaded bayonet tube away from the pivot pin and then swinging the bayonet to either 
marching or combat position. 



SECTION VIL MAINTENANCE 



34. ACCESSORIES 



Each Mosin-Nagant bolt action rifle and carbine is provided with a one-piece cleaning rod 
(fig. 40) which is fitted in the stock. The rod is threaded on the end to take the tapped re- 
talning nut embedded in the stock just below the chamber (fig. 37). An accessory pouch 
(fig. 41) is carried by each rifleman. It contains a screwdriver, oil can, cleaning rod head, 
denning rod brush, cleaning rod attachment, rod collar, and cleaning rod stop (fig. 4Z) T 
There are variations in the design of the oil can and screwdriver (fig. 43). 




=©= 



9 P™ * 




FIGURE 40. CLEANING ROD ASSEMBLY, 






24 



ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND QPEHATION 



May 1954 



30* RIFLE M 1891/30 

a. Operating instructions lor the rifle Mi 89 1/30 are the same as those for the rifle 
M1891. 

b. The bayonet is attached by means of a spring -loaded catch. 
3L SNIPER RIFLE M1891/30 

a. Operating Instructions for this rifle are the same as those lor the rlile Ml 891. The 
bayonet for the rifle M1891/3Q Is attached to the sniper rifle by means of a spring-loaded 
catch, 

b. Instructions for operating the rifle telescopes are given in paragraph 24, 

32. CARBINE Ml 938 

Operating instructions for this carbine are the same as those lor the rlile HI 891; however bay 
onets are not provided for this carbine. 

33. CARBINE M1944 

Operating instructions for this carbine are the same as those for the rifle Ml 891; however, 
this carbine has a nondetachabie bayonet which may be folded or extended by forcing the 
spring -loaded bayonet tube away from the pivot pin and then swinging the bayonet to either 
marching or combat position. 



SECTION VIL MAINTENANCE 



34. ACCESSORIES 



Each Mosin-Nagant bolt action rifle and carbine is provided with a one-piece cleaning rod 
(fig. 40) which is fitted in the stock. The rod is threaded on the end to take the tapped re- 
talning nut embedded in the stock just below the chamber (fig. 37). An accessory pouch 
(fig. 41) is carried by each rifleman. It contains a screwdriver, oil can, cleaning rod head, 
denning rod brush, cleaning rod attachment, rod collar, and cleaning rod stop (fig. 4Z) T 
There are variations in the design of the oil can and screwdriver (fig. 43). 




=©= 



9 P™ * 




FIGURE 40. CLEANING ROD ASSEMBLY, 






24 



May 1954 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDl 7-101 




FIGURE 41. ACCESSORY POUCH- 



CLEANING HOD hrEAE} 



GSESOEK 

OLEOMA ROD MUSH CLEANING 000 ATTACHMENT 




4CAEWSAIVER 




OIL CAM 



CLEAN IMS BOD ITOl* 

FIGURE 43. ACCESSORY POUCH CONTENTS, 







FIGURE 43. VARIATION US DESIGN OF ACCESSORIES. 






as 



Sfi 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 



May 1954 



35. CARE AND CLEANING 

The care and cleaning of the Soviet Mosln-Nagant bolt action weapons are the same as that 
required tor the United States service rifle Ml 903. 

36. RULE MlflBi 

a. Disassembly . 

(1) To remove the bolt {tig, 44), squeeze the trigger and p at the same time, pull 
the belt all the way to the rear (fig* 45), 

(2) To disassembly the bolt, draw the cocking piece back and turn it to the left to 
relieve spring tension [fig. 46). Remove the bolt head and guide. Place the 
firing pin on a solid surface, push the bolt body down, and unscrew the cocking 
piece (fig, 47); then remove the tiring pin and spring. The components of the 
bolt assembly are illustrated In figure 4B* 

(3) To remove the magazine follower, push the magazine Hoar plate catch rear- 
ward (the catch is on the bottom of the magazine, Just forward of the trigger 
guard); at the same time, pull the floor plate down- The follower and floor 
plate (fig. 3&) will swing down and forward on a pivot pin. Grasp the follower 
and floor plate with the forefinger and thumb, press them together, and pull 
down to remove them. 

(4) To remove the magazine and trigger guard, extract the rear trigger guard 
screw from the top of the stock Just forward of the small of the stock, and the 
front trigger guard screw from the forward part of the magazine on the bottom 
of the stock (figs. 49 and 50). [A screwdriver provided In the accessory kit is 
used for this purpose. ) Pull the magazine and trigger guard (fig* 51) out of the 
stock. 

(5) The stock bands are removed by turning the screw to the right to expand the 
bands, then slipping the bands forward and off the stock. 

(6) To remove the one-piece interrupter- ejector, remove the screw and push the 
Interrupter -ejector forward until it Is disengaged from the dovetail. 

h. Assembly. Assembly is accomplished in the reverse order of disassembly, described 
in a above. It is necessary to make certain that the rear of the firing pin is fluah with the 
cocking piece, and that the marks on the rear of the firing pin are alined with those on the 
cocking piece, in order to assure correct protrusion of the firing pin, 




26 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 



May 1954 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 










FIGURE 45. REMOVING THE BOLT. 










FIGURED DRAWING COCKING PIECE BACK. 









27 



ORDI 7-101 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 



t.-h 



gfe ■ 




FIGURE 47. REMOVING COCKING PIECE. 




MAINE fin GUIDE 




FIRIHS PIM HAlHfPRItfC 

FIGURE 48. BOLT ASSEMBLY COMPONENTS. 



as 



Ma y 1954 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 
IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 



±.¥M 







' 



FIGURE 49, REMOVING REAR TRIGGER GUARD SCREW. 







FIGURE 50, REMOVING THE FRONT TRIGGER GUARD SCREW. 

29 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 






ORDI 7-101 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 




FIGURE &!♦ MAGAZINE AND TRIGGER GUARD. 



37. DRAGOON RIFLE Mlfl&l 

The disassembly of the Dragoon rifle M1B&1 is the sarnie as that of the rifle M1891, except 
with regard to the stock bands. To remove the stock bands of the M18Q1 Dragoon, depress 
the band retaining springs and slide the bands forward. 

38. CARBINE M1910 

Disassembly of the carbine M1&1G is the same as that of the rifle M1891, except that band 
retaining springs must be depressed to remove the stock bands, 

39. RIFLE M1391/30 

Disassembly of the r if leM 18 9 1/30 is the same as that of theMl&91, except that band retaining 
springs must be depressed to remove the split-ring stock bands, 

40. SNIPER RIFLE M 169 1/3 D 

The sniper rifle Ml 89 1/30 is disassembled in the same manner as the rifle M 1891/30; how- 
ever, the telescope must be sent to a fire control maintenance unit for disassembly, repairs, 
or adjustment. 

41. CARBINE Ml &3fl 

The carbine Ml 938 is disassembled in the same manner as the rifle Ml 891/30, 

42. CARBINE Ml 944 

The carbine M1944 Is disassembled in the same manner as the rifle M1B91/30; however, the 
bayonet is not detachable. 



SECTION VIH. MALFUNCTIONS AFFECTING OPERATIONS 



43. GENERAL 

Stoppages are usually caused by improper assembly or Improper loading of the magazine, but 
they also may be caused by dirt, breakage of parts, or defective ammunition. When a stop- 
page occurs, check the weapon quickly, cock the hammer, and fire again, II the weapon still 
fails to fire, take corrective action. 



30 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 






ORDI 7-101 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



May 1954 




FIGURE &!♦ MAGAZINE AND TRIGGER GUARD. 



37. DRAGOON RIFLE Mlfl&l 

The disassembly of the Dragoon rifle M1B&1 is the sarnie as that of the rifle M1891, except 
with regard to the stock bands. To remove the stock bands of the M18Q1 Dragoon, depress 
the band retaining springs and slide the bands forward. 

38. CARBINE M1910 

Disassembly of the carbine M1&1G is the same as that of the rifle M1891, except that band 
retaining springs must be depressed to remove the stock bands, 

39. RIFLE M1391/30 

Disassembly of the r if leM 18 9 1/30 is the same as that of theMl&91, except that band retaining 
springs must be depressed to remove the split-ring stock bands, 

40. SNIPER RIFLE M 169 1/3 D 

The sniper rifle Ml 89 1/30 is disassembled in the same manner as the rifle M 1891/30; how- 
ever, the telescope must be sent to a fire control maintenance unit for disassembly, repairs, 
or adjustment. 

41. CARBINE Ml &3fl 

The carbine Ml 938 is disassembled in the same manner as the rifle Ml 891/30, 

42. CARBINE Ml 944 

The carbine M1944 Is disassembled in the same manner as the rifle M1B91/30; however, the 
bayonet is not detachable. 



SECTION VIH. MALFUNCTIONS AFFECTING OPERATIONS 



43. GENERAL 

Stoppages are usually caused by improper assembly or Improper loading of the magazine, but 
they also may be caused by dirt, breakage of parts, or defective ammunition. When a stop- 
page occurs, check the weapon quickly, cock the hammer, and fire again, II the weapon still 
fails to fire, take corrective action. 



30 



SOVIET RIFLES AND CARBINES 



May 1954 



IDENTIFICATION AND OPERATION 



ORDI 7-101 



44, CAUSES AND CORRECTION OF COMMON MALFUNCTIONS 

The malfunctions occurring moat frequently, their probable cause, and the proper remedial 
action necessary to overcame the stoppage are listed below. 



Malfunction 



Probable cause 



1. Magazine floor plate 
falls open, 



2. Cartridge jams in 
process of being 
chambered. 



Cartridge is chambered 
with difficulty, 



4. Misfire. 



5. Fails to extract. 



8. Fails to eject. 



7. Bolt is pulled out of re- 
ceiver during process 
of opening bolt* 



a. Defective floor plate 
catch. 



b. Screw is weakened, tooth 
worn or chamfered. 

a* Defective interrupter.- 
ejector. 

b., Cartridge not positioned 
below Interrupter - 
ejector blade, 

a. Dented cartridge case. 



b. Dirty chamber. 

c. Excessive primer pro- 

trusion. 

a* Defective primer, 

b. Firing pin protrusion 

Insufficient. 

c. Firing pin spring weak 

Or broken. 

d. Dirt in firing mechanism. 
Defective extractor. 



Remedial action 



a* Interrupter- ejector spring- 

portion Is bent, 

b. Dirt In inter rupter- 
ejector slot, 

a. Loose trigger-spring 

screw. 

b. Worn bolt stop. 



a. Load and lire single 

rounds until fire is 
completed* 

b. Tighten screw. 



a* Clean and oil interrupter- 
ejector blade, 

b. Correct position of car- 

tridge by hand and 
chamber round. 

a. Remove defective car- 
tridge. 

b\ Clean chamber, 

c. Remove defective car- 

tridge. 

a. Reload and continue firing* 

b, Adjust firing pin protru- 

sion. 

c* Turn in weapon to Ord- 
nance. 

d. Clean mechanism- 
Turn in weapon to Ord- 
nance. 

a. Turn in weapon to Ord- 
nance, 

b* Clean and oil. 



a. Tighten trigger -spring 

screw. 

b. Turn in weapon to Ord- 

nance, 



31